TYPO3 Installation on Ubuntu
Just a few steps to a succesful installation of TYPO3 6.2 on a pure, freshly installed Ubuntu 14.04:
Install TYPO3 package
Even if synaptic does not install the most recent version of TYPO3, it's very useful to do a
sudo apt-get install typo3
as all the necessary packages like apache, mysql, php, imagemagick, etc... are installed too. Also, some useful other settings are made ...
Anyway, what's the problem is, that when using the package nowadays, in /etc/typo3-dummy/apache.conf there is an alias "cms" defined. So a directory named "cms" in /var/www is useless because the alias takes precedence. For me it was the easiest way to choose another name for the directory - say "content".
sudo gedit /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini
open the config file of Apache. Add
memory_limit = 256M upload_max_filesize = 10M post_max_size = 10M
During package installation you've been asked for a new mySQL admin password. Use this now instead of youradminpassword to create a database for TYPO3 - say the name for the db will be TYPO3:
sudo mysqladmin -pyouradminpassword create TYPO3
Afterwards start the mysql command line with:
mysql -u root -p
and grant all rights to a new user - say typo3 with password typo3:
mysql> grant all privileges on TYPO3.* to typo3@localhost identified by 'typo3'; mysql> flush privileges; mysql> quit
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
Import newest TYPO3 version
As mentioned, an older version is installed via synaptic. So you have to get the latest one by yourself:
cd /usr/share/typo3 sudo wget https://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/typo3/typo3_src-6.2.26.tar.gz sudo tar xzf typo3_src-6.2.26.tar.gz sudo chown root:www-data -R typo3_src-6.2.26 sudo chmod -R 775 typo3_src-6.2.26
The last two lines alter the owner information and access rights so that apache can properly access the files.
Copy the package to www directory
Synaptic imports the package to /var/lib. We copy it to /var/www/content (there is another way with an apache redirection but to me it seems easier and clearer to copy it into the www directory):
cd /var/www sudo mkdir content sudo cp -R -f /var/lib/typo3-dummy/* content
And we have to correct the symlink to the newest source:
cd content sudo rm typo3_src sudo ln -s /usr/share/typo3/typo3_src-6.2.26 typo3_src
Also create a special file so the start of the install tool won't fail:
sudo touch typo3conf/ENABLE_INSTALL_TOOL
Change owner and rights:
cd .. sudo chown root:www-data -R content sudo chmod -R 775 content
Be aware NOT to use "cms" as this is an defined alias and any content will be ignored by apache. Use "content" instead!
Installing a distribution
Congratulations, you've installed TYPO3. Access the Install Tool via
to set all the neccessary details (esp. database user, database name, backend admin, backend password) as described elsewhere.
For testing and learning you can use the Introduction Package.
If accurately adhering to web standards is especially important to you (e.g. as required for government bodies in the European Union), you might want to try the Government Package.
Just choose the Distribution you'd like to use and hit "Install". Clicking on
notice - Note
If you want to build your website from scratch, just go ahead without using a Distribution. You can then start with a completely empty installation of TYPO3.
You've done it
Start the backend with
to start implementing your breathtaking site ;-)